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Islamic Perspective on sports involving Animal Abuse

Jallikattu is a bull-taming sport which is played during the harvest festival . There is a raging debate on whether India should maintain the ban on this bull-taming sporting event and the debate seems far from reaching a conclusion. We present here an Islamic view on the issue of ” Sports involving animal abuse” from classical Islamic sources.


Fatwa on Animal Abuse


Human Being is created by God as a vicegerent on earth (khalifah fi al-ardl) to carry out the mandate and is responsible for the prosperity of all creatures.All living organisms that are created by Allah in order to maintain the balanced ecosystem and subjugated to the interests of sustainable human welfare (maslaha ‘amma).Therefore human must protect and preserve the balanced of the ecosystem so as not cause damage (mafsadah). In pre Islamic Arab world, people used to indulge in Animal fights and used animals as a target of shooting arrows as a pastime. Prophet Muhammad(Peace be upon him) forbade both of these practices. Imam Tirmidhi has dedicated an entire chapter in his Sunan Tirmidhi about unlawfulness of inciting animals to fight and branding their face.

And do not cause disruption and mischief in the land after it has been set in order…►{Surah Al-A’raf Chapter 7:Verse 56}

Qur’an affirms that Allah has made and subjecting Allah’s creation for the benefit to human life, such as:

(O people!) Have you not seen that Allah has subjected to you whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and He has completed upon you His blessings outwardly as well as inwardly?…►{Surah Luqman Chapter 31 :Verse 20}

He is the One Who created for you all that is in the earth… ►{Surah Al-Baqarah Chapter 2 : Verse 29}

Almighty Allah assigns human as the vicegerent to bring prosperity and maintenance of balanced ecosystem, among other things:

And (call to mind) when your Lord said to the angels: ‘I am about to place My deputy on the earth.’

They submitted: ‘Will You put as Your (vicegerent) on the earth such as will do mischief in it and shed blood, while we are engaged in glorifying

You with celebrating Your Praise and extolling Your Holiness (all the time)?’

(Allah) said: ‘I know that which you do not know.’ ►{Surah Al-Baqarah Chapter 2 : Verse 30}

Throughout history, religion has played an important role as a driver in the conservation of animal species, some now critically endangered. Indonesian Council of Ulama, the country’s top Muslim clerical body have issued a fatwa pertaining to conservation of endangered species.




Hadith #1

Hazrat Ibn Abbas (Radi Allahu anhu ) narrated that : “Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) has prohibited us from inciting animals to fight each other.“ ► (Reported by Imam Tirmidhi,Book of Jihad, Chapter About putting animals to fight and branding the face, Hadith #1762}

Hadith #2

Hazrat Mujahid(Radiyallahu Anhu) narrated that, ”Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) disallowed putting animals against one another in a fight.”►(Reported by Imam Tirmidhi,Book of Jihad, Chapter About putting animals to fight and branding the face, Hadith #1763}

Hadith #3

Hadrat Sa’id b. Jubair(Radi Allahu anhu) reported that: Hadrat Ibn ‘Umar(Radi Allahu anhu) happened to pass by some young men of the Quraish who had tied a bird (and made it a target) at which they had been shooting arrows. So no sooner did they see Hadrat Ibn ‘Umar(Radiallahu anhu) they dispersed.

Thereupon Hadrat Ibn ‘Umar(Radi Allahu anhu) said: “Who has done this? Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) invoked curse upon one who does this(i.e. made a live thing the target of one’s marksmanship))”. ► {Reported by Imam Muslim, Kitab-us-Said wa’l-Dhaba’ih,Hadith #4946}



Ahadith about showing mercy to Animals


Hadith #1

It is narrated on the authority of Hadhrat ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr (May Allah be well pleased with them) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said:

“ The Lord Almighty is Benevolent on those who deal with others with mercy. Be merciful to the dwellers of the earth and the Lord of all worlds

will be merciful with you.”► { Jame’ Tirmidhi, Babu Ma Ja’a Fi Rahmatin Muslimeen, Hadith No. 2049; Sunan Abu Dawood, Kitab Ul Adab, Babun Fir Rahmati, Hadith No. 4943}

The hadith asserts the instruction to care for creatures on earth,including animals.

Hadith #2

Prophet (peace be upon him) said: ‘To whoever killing a bird without purpose,the bird will come before Allah [subhanahu wa ta’ala Glorified and exalted be He]

on the doomsday and report to Him: ‘My Lord, he killed me without purpose, with no intention to use me’.” ►[Sunan An-Nasa’i, Book of Sacrifices, Number 4446]

Hadith #3

Hazrat Abu Huraira(Radiyallahu Anhu) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying:

An ant had bitten a Prophet (one amongst the earlier Prophets) and he ordered that the colony of the ants should be burnt.

And Allah revealed to him:” Because of an ant’s bite you have burnt a community from amongst the communities which sings My glory.”

► {Sahih Muslim,Kitab Us Salam, Chapter on PROHIBITION-OF KILLING THE ANTS,Hadith #5731,Sunan Abu Dawud,Kitab Al Adab,Hadith #1725}



Ruling by some prominent scholars


Imam Ahmad al-Khattabi in his book of Ma’alim al-Sunan (4/289), explains the prohibition on causing animal extinctions entirely:

“It is understood that the extinction of a people and the annihilation of a generation of a creature, leaving out not a single one of them to live, are very much detested. There is no single creature of Allah SWT created with no purposes and uses. Hence, there is no justification for killing animals entirely (causing their extinction).Kill animals that caused harm on you but let others be alive, so that they may bring about benefits.”

Imam ‘Izz ibn Abd al-Salam in the book of Qawa’id al-Ahkam (1/167) explained the rights of animals that must be fulfilled by the human being:

“Among the rights of animals that become the responsibility of the human being are sufficient provision for them, even if they are paralyzed or sick which cause them to be of no use;giving them no loads beyond their capacity; not gathering them with other animals that may harm them, be them animals of the same kind or others; and bring in the males and females together so that they may produce offspring.”

Al-Jahiz, Abu Uthman Amr ibn Bahr al-Fukaymi al-Basri (776-869 AD), stated in His book al-Hayawan/the Animals on page 162 that the human beings are not entitled to mistreat animals, as saying the following. “You are not entitled to cut an organ or to persecute and hurt all kinds of animals because you are not the one who created it and cannot replace it. If the All Owner has permitted, then you are allowed to do harm to the animal which has not been allowed before. You cannot do it with a rational reason,unless there are serious benefits in it.”

Reference and Further Reading

Book Muhammad The Merciful ﷺ by Shaykh ul Islam Dr. Tahir ul Qadri

Fatwa on Animal Abuse and Trafficking – Indonesian Council of Ulemas

Prophetic Mercy towards Disbelievers & Enemies

Almighty Allah made the religion of Islam, a religion of mercy, ease, moderation, clemency and temperance. The Holy Prophet(peace be upon him) was sent as mercy to the whole of creation; and he is full of compassion and kindness. Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) gave the lesson of brotherhood, tolerance, moderation and peace. The following traditions show that in spite of immense hardships and painful ordeals, the mercy and compassion of the Prophet (peace be upon him) remained to the fore, even towards those who opposed and persecuted him.

Hadith #1

According to Hadrat Anas(Radiyallahu anhu): A Jewess brought poisoned meat of a sheep to Allah’s Messenger(peace be upon him) and he ate a little from it.(After the plot was discovered, as the poison became manifest) she was brought to Allah’s Messenger(peace be upon him) and he asked her why she did it.

She replied ,”I wanted to assassinate you.”

Allah’s Messenger(peace be upon him) said ,”Allah will not empower you to do it.”

The Companions(RA) submitted, ” Shall we not kill her?”

He replied,”No.”(And he forgave the Jewess).

According to Hadrat Anas(Radiyallahu anhu), ” I continue to see the effect of her poison on the Messenger’s palate.”

►{Sahih Bukhari, Book on Giving Gifts and Its Virtue and How that is Encouraged, Chapter Accepting Gifts from the Polytheists,2:923 Hadith #2474; Sahih Muslim , Book Al- Salam , Chapter Poison 4:1721 Hadith #2190;Ahmed b. Hanbal in al-Musnad 3:218 Hadith #13309; Sunan Abu Dawud, Bk. Al-Diyat,4:173 Hadith #4508; Al-Bayhaqi in Al-Sunan Al-Kubra 10:11 Hadith #19500}

Hadith #2

According to Hadrat Asma(Radiyallahu Anha) , the daughter of Hadrat Abu Bakr(Radiyallahu Anhu),

” During the days of Allah’s Messenger(peace be upon him) , my mother came to see me, and at that time she was an idolater, so I sought counsel from Allah’s Messenger(peace be upon him) asking ,

“She is eager to see me, so shall I keep ties with her[even though she is an idolator]?”

He said ,”Yes, keep ties with your mother”

►{Sahih Bukhari,Kitab Al-Jizya,Chapter on The Sinfulness of He who makes a contract and then betrays the trust, 3:1162 Hadith #3012; Sahih Muslim,Kitab Al-Zakat 2:696 Hadith #1003;Sunan Abu Dawud, Kitab Al-Zakat , Ch. Giving Charity to Non-Muslim Citizens, 2:127 Hadith #1668; Abd Al- Razzaq Al-Musannaf 6:38 Hadith #9932;Al-Tabarani Al-Mu’jam Al-Kabir 24:78 Hadith #203}

Hadith #3

According to Hadrat Anas b. Malik(Radiyallahu Anhu), “Eighty armed men from Mecca went to Allah’s Messenger(peace be upon him) from Mount Tan’im with the intention of slaying him and his companions(ra) deceiving them unaware, but he captured them and spared them later, so Allah revealed:

“And He is the One Who held back the hands of those (disbelievers) from you and your hands from them on the frontier of Mecca (near al-Hudaybiya) after giving you the upper hand over their (party). And Allah best monitors what you do.”►{Surah Al-Fath Chapter 48 : Verse 24}

►{Muslim in al-sahih..Bk.:al-Jihad wa al-siyar(The Striving and Military Expeditions),Ch.:”The Saying of Allah Most High:(And it is He who restrained their hands from you) 3:1442 Hadith $1808;Ahmed b.Hanbal in al-Musnad,3:I24,290 Hadith #12276,14122;Abu Dawud in al-sunan:BK.:al-Jihad(The Striving),Ch.:”Freeing captives Without Ransom,”3:6I , Hadith #2688}

Hadith #4

According to Hadrat Abu Hurayra(Radiyallahu Anhu), “I was submitted “O Messenger of Allah, invoke a curse against the idolaters.’

He replied, ‘I was not sent as a curser. I was only sent as(an embodiment of) mercy.'”►{Sahih Muslim, Kitab Al-Birr wa sila wa al-Adab , Chapter The Prohibition of invoking curse against creatures and other things, 4:2006 Hadith #2599; Imam Bukhari in Al-Adab Al-Mufrad,Hadith #321; Abu Yala Al-Musnad 11:35 Hadith #6174;Al-Bayhaqi Shu’ab al-Iman 2:144, Hadith #403}

Hadith #5

According to Hadrat Abu Hurayra(Radiyallahu Anhu) , Allah’s Messenger(peace be upon him) said[on the day of conquest of Mecca],” Whoever enters the abode of Abu Sufyan is safe; whoever casts aside his weapon is safe; and whoever locks his door is safe.”

►{Sahih Muslim , Kitab Al-Jihad wa al-Siyar, Ch. The Conquest of Mecca, 3:1407 Hadith #1780;Abu Dawud in al-Sunan Book al-Kharaj wa al-imara wa al-fai, Ch. What has been narrated about Mecca, 3:162 Hadith #3021; Al-Bazzar Al- Musnad 4:122 Hadith #1292; Al-Daraqutni in al-Sunan 3:60 Hadith #233}

Reference Book : Muhammad(ﷺ) : The Merciful by Shaykh ul Islam Dr. Muhammad Tahir ul Qadri

Prophetic Advice concerning Children

The Prophet(peace be upon him) , loved children and honored them on many occasions, such as calling them by honorific epithets or patting young ones on the head, leaving the scent of musk upon them for the rest of the day. In fact, the Prophet, God bless and grant him peace, visited one child whose pet had died in order to offer condolences and cheer him up.





Hadith #1

Sayyidina Anas ibn Malik (Radiyallahu Anhu) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said,“ He is not one of us who is NOT COMPASSIONATE TO THE YOUNG and respectful to the elderly”►{Sunan Tirmidhi ,Chapter on “Being merciful to children ” Hadith #1984, Sunan Abu Dawud, Kitab Al-Adab}


Hadith #2

Hazrat Jabir b. Samura(Radiyallahu Anhu) reported:

I prayed along with Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) the first prayer. He then went to his family and I also went along with him when he met some children (on the way).

He began to pat the cheeks of each one of them. He also patted my cheek and I experienced a coolness or a fragrance of his hand as if it had been brought out from the scent bag of a perfumer.

►{Sahih Muslim,Kitab Al-Fad’ail,Hadith #5929}


Hadith #3

Once Allah’s Messenger(peace be upon him) kissed al-Hasan b. Ali[his grandson] (Radiyallahu Anhu) and Al-Aqra bin Habis al- Tamimi was sitting in his presence.

Al-Aqra said, “I have ten children and have not kissed a single one of them”

Upon (hearing) this, Allah’s Messenger(peace be upon him) looked at him and said , “He who does not show mercy shall not receive Mercy.”

►{Sahih Bukhari,Kitab Al-Adab,Hadith #5651;Sahih Muslim Kitab Al-Fadail, Hadith #2318;Ahmed b Hambal in Al-Musnad 2:241 Hadith #7287;Al-Bayhaqi Sunan Al-Kubra,7:100 Hadith #13354}




Hadith #4

Hadrat Anas(Radiyallahu Anhu) said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came in and saw a son of Abu Talha’s called Abu ‘Umayr. He had a sparrow which he used to play with.”

He said, “Abu ‘Umayr, what happened to (or where is) the little sparrow?'” ►{Narrated by Imam Bukhari in Al-Adab Al-Mufrad,Hadith #384}



Hadith #5

Narrated Hazrat Abdullah ibn Amir(Radiyallahu Anhu) : My mother called me one day when the The Messenger of Allah( peace be upon him) was sitting in our house.

She said: “ Come here and I shall give you something. “

Messenger of Allah( peace be upon him) asked her:” What did you intend to give him? “

She replied: ” I intended to give him some dates.”

The Apostle of Allah ( peace be upon him) said: “If you were not to give him anything, a lie would be recorded against you.”

►{Sunan Abu Dawud,Kitab Al-Adab}


Hadith #6

Hazrat Abu Hurayra(Radiyallahu Anhu) said, “When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,was brought new dates,

he said, ‘O Allah! Bless us in our city and in our mudd and sa’, blessing upon blessing.’

Then he would give one to the youngest of the children with him.”

►{Narrated by Imam Bukhari in Al-Adab Al-Mufrad,Chapter on “Fruits are given to the youngest of children”,Hadith 362}

Prophetic teachings regarding Khawarij Terrorists

“Kharijites” are a deviant and heretical sect which came to being soon after the Prophet of Islam (sallalahu alaihi wa sallam ).They used to strictly observe the outward religious acts , which in turn instilled in  them with conceited belief that they were staunch Muslims and they considered all others as either disbelievers or disobedient. Satan planted seeds of arrogance in their hearts, which in turn caused them to see themselves as pure Muslims and others as impure, if Muslims at all. This mindset allowed them to kill people spread terror and plunder wealth and property without fear of sin. The historical records prove that the Kharijites considered blood a cheap commodity. They had no reservations about killing people and cared not one iota for those who were brought up with Prophet(peace be upon him)’s spiritual training. Prophet(peace be upon him) made it categorically clear that these people would continue to emerge, time and time again. It is easy to recognize the modern day Kharijites, for they share the same traits of those of old. They too shed the blood of people , they too brutally slaughter women and children and challenge the authority of the state; they too attack mosques, murder peaceful people engaged in worship and target them in marketplaces; they too call their dastardly deeds as JIHAD. All the current acts of terrorism committed by the so-called ‘Mujahidun’ are but a continuation of the Kharijite doctrine and ideology.


The Beloved Prophet(peace be upon him) beheld the state of affairs until the Day of Resurrection and also foretold of terrorism that would be committed in the name of religion. Therefore, he not only  distinguished jihad from murder,but also warmed Ummah of those who would perpetrate violence and bloodshed in the name of religion. He clearly described the behavior patterns and signs of those so-called Mujahidun, so as to remove all doubts about their heinous designs and evil intentions, that the Ummah might not get deceived by their pious appearance and abundant worship and recitation of the Qur’an.He urged the Ummah to stay away from the turmoil.


The Qur’an informs us that they will be the greatest of losers in the hereafter:

Say: ‘Shall We alert you of those who are great losers in respect of deeds? It is those whose entire struggle is wasted in worldly life, but they presume they are doing very good works.{Surah Kahaf Chapter 18 : Verse 103-104}


One of the views mentioned by Imam Al-Tabari states that the losers mentioned in these verse are the Kharijites.{Ibn Jarir Al-Tabari Jami al-Bayan ,16:33-34}




Who are the Khawarij?


Before examining signs,beliefs and doctrines of the Kharijites let us cite some of the definitions that scholars have given for them.


Imam Al-Nawawi(R.A.) said :

The Kharijites are a group of blameworthy innovators who believe that a person who commits a grave sin falls into disbelief and will eternally reside in Hell. For this reason, they defame

the rulers and do not participate in the congregational prayers or the Friday prayers with them.{Rawdat al-Talibin,Yahya Al-Nawawi}


Ibn Hajar(R.A.)  states:

“The word “Kharijites” is the plural form of Kharija[he who went out] which means a faction.They are a group of blameworthy innovators,and are called rebels because of their leaving the religion and rebelling against the best of Muslims.{Ibn Hajar, Fath Al-Bari 12:283}


Ibn Taymiyyah said:

“And these Kharijites are not only the armed groups that was known in history {During Caliphate of Hadhrat Ali(Radiyallahu Anhu) rather, they are the ones who will appear time and time again until the time of the Anti-Christ(Al-Dajjal).{Ibn Taymiyyah Majmu’a Al -Fatawa, 28-495-496}


The Prophet(peace be upon him)’s particular mention of the group that appeared during the time of Hadrat Ali(Radiyallahu anhu) was due to the many traits found in them. Anyone in whom these traits are found is counted amongst them, for the particular mention of them, was not because ruling applied to them alone ,but rather it was because of those who were addressed during Prophet(peace be upon him)’s time needed to fix their identity in the times to come.{Ibid 28:476-477}


Reference Book : Fatwa on Terrorism by Shaykh ul Islam

Please watch this video:

Keeping Appointments, Delays and Cancellations

In the first verse of Surah Al-Mai’da, Allah called upon the believers ‘O Believers! Fulfil (your) promises.’ ►{Chapter 5 , Surah Al-Mai’da : Verse 1}


In Surah Al-Maryam Allah also praised Prophet Ismail(may peace be upon him) ‘Surely he was true to (his) promise and was a Messenger and Prophet.’►{Surah Al-Maryam Chapter 19: Verse 54}


To keep an appointment is vital to our lives, since time is the most precious commodity, once wasted it could not be replaced. If you made an appointment, whether to a friend, colleague or for business you should do your utmost to keep this appointment. This is the right of the other person who gave you part of their time and may have declined other appointments. Not only have you disrupted their schedule but you have marred your image and personality. If your punctuality becomes lousy you will lose people’s respect. You should keep all your appointments whether it was with an important person, a close friend or someone else.


You will be responding to the call of Allah in Surah Al-Isra’  ‘… And do fulfil the promise. No doubt the promise will be questioned about.”►{Chapter 17 : Surah Al-Isra : Verse 34}


The Prophet of God(peace be upon him) never addressed us except that he said, ‘Whoever is not trustworthy has no faith, and, whoever breaks his covenants is bankrupt as regards religion.’”►{Ahmed, Musnad, vol. 19, p. 375, no (12383).}


It is enough to know that our kind Prophet(peace be upon him) once gave an appointment to one of his companions. The companion came three days later.



Hadrat Abdullah bin Abi al-Humasa(Radiyallahu Anhu) once said, “I once bought something from the Prophet(peace be upon him) prior to the proclamation of Prophethood. I was short of money and gave whatever I had ,promising to return during the day and fulfill the amount and also requested him to not leave the area where he was. Afterwards, I had unintentionally forgotten my promise to him and returned three days later , to find Prophet(peace be upon him) waiting in that very place!

He showed no anger on his face for this and simply said, ‘You have caused me some trouble. I have been waiting expecting you since three days.’►{Sunan Abu Dawood, Kitab Al-Adab, Hadith #1561}


The companion probably had an excuse for this delay. Then, he had no means to inform the Prophet(peace be upon him) about his inability to meet the appointment. But, today, fast and reliable communication means are available everywhere. As soon as you realize you will not be able to keep an appointment, you should inform the other parties to enable them to utilize their time. Do not be careless or irresponsible. Do not think that the appointment is so unimportant that it does not merit a notice or an apology. This is totally irrelevant. Regardless of its importance an appointment is a commitment. It must be kept or cancelled properly in advance.



“Muslim Standard Time” Paradox


“Muslim Standard Time” has become something of an accepted custom amongst Muslims – viewing it as acceptable to be late to appointments and other arrangements.

This is something that goes directly against the etiquettes of a Muslim, as it displays open disrespect towards those transgressed against, and also shows a lack of appreciation of the value of time.Unfortunately, this has also become commonplace amongst students of knowledge and often scholars of religion. So let this be a reminder to us, one & all.


Never make a promise while you do not intend to keep it or fulfill it. This is forbidden as it falls within lying and hypocrisy. Al-Bukhari and Muslim narrated that the Prophet(peace be upon him) said:‘The signs of the hypocrite are three: When he speaks he lies, when he promises he fails to perform, and, when he is entrusted he betrays.’”

►{Bukhari, Sahih (Kitab Al-Iman, chapter on “The traits of a hypocrite’), vol. 1, p. 16, no (33). Muslim, Sahih (Kitab Al-Iman, chapter on “Stating the traits of a hypocrite’), vol. 1, p. 78, no (59).}


Imam Ghazali in Al-Ihya said that “This Hadith fits those who promise while intending not to fulfill it, or those who, without excuse, decide later not to fulfill a promise. Those who promise but could not fulfill, their promise due to a proper excuse are not hypocrites. But we should be careful not to create excuses that are not valid. Allah knows our inner thoughts and intentions.”



–          Islamic Manners – Shaykh Abdul Fattah Abu Ghuddah

–          Purification of Heart – Shaykh Hamza Yusuf

–          Methodology of Moral discipline in Prophetic tradition – Mufti Ali Gomaa

The Etiquettes of Visiting Relatives & Friends


Etiquettes of Visiting


If you are traveling to visit someone or if you are about to receive guests, whether those in question are your parents, relatives, peers, or friends of a different age, make sure that your hands, feet, and socks are clean, and your appearance and clothing is neat. Never neglect or underestimate the importance of your look, for that would certainly mar the pleasure of the meeting, while dulling the enjoyment of those you meet. In this regard, the Prophet(peace be upon him) directed his companions upon returning from a journey: ‘You are returning to your brethren, dress nicely, and sort out your rides so that you may become a beauty mark among people, for Allah does not like sloppiness or acting in a sloppy way.’

Try to bring some gifts to those receiving you, and likewise present your guests with a present. Always be prepared to reciprocate with a suitable gift. The subtle joy of seeing your beloved ones will be vividly remembered for many years. A gift, however symbolic, will greatly enhance the pleasure of such a meeting. The Prophet(peace be upon him) , as reported by Bukhari, said: “Exchange gifts , and you’ll grow to love one another.” Our Muslim predecessors used to leave their host with a present which could be as symbolic as an Arak stick.




Choose an appropriate time for your visit. Do not visit at inconvenient times such as mealtime, or when people are sleeping, resting, or relaxing. The length of the visit should be in accord with how well you know the hosts, as well as their circumstances and conditions. Do not overstay your welcome by making your visit too long or burdensome.

Imam Al-Nawawi said in the book of Al-Azkar: ‘It is strongly recommended for Muslims to visit the pious people, the brethren, the neighbours, friends and relatives, and to be

generous, kind, and obliging to them. However, the extent of the visit varies according to the host’s circumstances. The visit ought to be conducted in a pleasant manner and at

convenient times. There are numerous sayings and traditions in this regard.’




Enter or leave your house with your right foot first, as it was the tradition of the Prophet(peace be upon him). Imaam Abul Ala Hasan ibn Ahmad al-Hamazani, a great scholar of Hadith of his time, was so keen on applying this Sunnah to the extent that if someone entered his house with their left foot first, he would ask them to go out and re-enter with their right foot first. He was so much respected that the Sultan of the day would visit him at school and sit in front of him as a student. At one occasion, he told the Sultan to exit with his right foot first and walk on the right side of the road.

When entering or leaving a house, do not push the door violently, or slam it shut, or leave it to close by itself wildly. Such actions stand in contrast to the gracefulness of Islam to which you are honored to belong. Close the door quietly with your hand. You may have heard a Hadith reported by Imam Muslim whereby ‘Aisha (Radiyallahu Anha) quotes the Prophet(peace be upon him): ‘Gentleness adorns every act. Its absence will tarnish it.’




If you enter a room, greet everyone inside. If you want to shake hands with those present, start with the most eminent, the most knowledgeable, the most pious, the oldest or those who have similar Islamic distinctions. Do not overlook the most distinguished or most eminent and start with the first person on your right. If you cannot decide who is the most reputable, or if those present happen to be of comparable status, then start with the elderly, for they are easier to recognize.

Al-Bukhari explained that the Prophet(peace be upon him) said, ‘The elder! The elder!’ In another version he said, ‘The elderly come first.’ ‘Abu Yalla and Al-Tabarani in Al-Awsat reported that the Prophet(peace be upon him) said: ‘Start with the elderly, or , he said, ‘with the notables.’ ‘




When you enter a home, whether as a visitor or an overnight guest, do not closely examine its contents as an inspector would. Limit your observation to what you need to see. Do not open closed closets, or boxes. Do not inspect a wallet, a package, or a covered object. This is against Islamic manners and an impolite betrayal of the trust your host has accorded to you. Uphold these manners during your visit and seek to cultivate your host’s love and respect, and may Allah bless and protect you.

Imam Muhasibi in Risalat Al-Mustershidin said: ‘The duty of sight is to preclude forbidden sights and not to try to see what has been hidden or covered.’

Dawood Al-Ta’i said ‘I was told we will be accountable for our minor gazes as we are accountable for minor deeds.’

The Arabic poet Miskin Al-Darimi said: ‘My neighbor should not worry if his door is not closed.’




A specific advice to my dear Muslim sisters: If you want to visit your relatives or your Muslim sisters, carefully select the day and the hour of your visit and its duration. There are appropriate and inappropriate times for paying visits even to relatives and friends. Do your best to make the visit a nice, brief, and pleasant one. Avoid turning it into a boring,wearisome, inquisitive and lengthy visit. Instead, it should be a visit whose purpose is to rekindle and nourish an old friendship or kinship. The visit is desirable if it is short and considerate, and it is undesirable if it is long and tedious during which conversation moves from being purposeful and valuable to being aimless and useless.

The honourable follower Mohammed ibn Shihab Al-Zuhri said: ‘When a meeting becomes too long, Satan increasingly participates in it.’

Make sure that during a visit that most, if not all of your talk, is of value and benefit. Keep away from backbiting, gossip, and idle talk. Astute Muslim women do not have time for such Nonsense.

Reference Book – Islamic Manners, by Shaykh Abd al-Fattah Abu Ghuddah

A true believer is not Vulgar/Obscene

VULGARITY/INDECENCY in speech is a widespread social evil today. People nowadays can be seen using foul language at the drop of hat.Today’s movies are also playing a big role in spreading foul language.Foul language emerges from a foul mind and is a sign of inner filth.As muslims we should desist from uttering foul words or calling people with insulting names,because its mentioned in a hadith that Momin(true believer) doesnot use foul language.

Allah Most High says, “O you who believe, let no men scorn other men, for they might well be better than they are. And let no women scorn other women, for they might well be better than they. And do not find fault with one another, or give each other insulting nicknames” ►(Qur’an Chapter 49:Verse 11).

Salim ibn ‘Abdullah said, “I never heard ‘Abdullah ever curse anything.” Salim mentioned that ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr said, “It is not fitting for a believer to be a curser.”►{Reported by Imam Bukhari in Al-Adab Al-Mufrad,Hadith #309}

Hazrat ‘Abdullah reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A believer is not a defamer nor a curser nor coarse nor obscene.”►{Reported by Imam Bukhari in Al-Adab Al-Mufrad,Hadith #312}

Hazrat ‘Abdullah said, “The most blameworthy thing in a believer’s character is coarseness.”►{Reported by Imam Bukhari in Al-Adab Al-Mufrad,Hadith #314}


Almighty Allah dislikes a foul mouthed person


Hazrat Abu’d-Darda’ reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “..Allah dislikes foul language.” ► [Reported by Imam Tirmidhi]

Hazrat Abu’d-Darda’ reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said,”Whoever has been given his portion of compassion has been given his portion of good. Whoever is denied given his portion of compassion has been denied his portion of good. Good character will be the weightiest thing in the believer’s balance on the Day of Rising. Allah hates a coarse, foulmouthed person.”►{Reported by Imam Bukhari in Al-Adab Al-Mufrad,Hadith #464}

Hazrat Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said,”Beware of injustice. Injustice will appear as darkness on the Day of Rising. Beware of coarseness.Allah does not love those who are coarse and foul mouthed. Beware of avarice for it destroyed those before you. They cut off their relatives. Allah summoned them and they made lawful what was unlawful.”►{Reported by Imam Bukhari in Al-Adab Al-Mufrad,Hadith #487}

Hazrat Abu Bakra(Radiyallahu anhu) reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Modesty is part of belief. Belief is in the Garden. Foul language is part of coarseness and coarseness is in the Fire.” ►{Reported by Imam Bukhari in Al Adab Al-Mufrad, Aspects of Behaviour}


The noble character of our beloved Prophet(peace be upon him)


Hazrat Abu Abdullah Jadali reported that he asked Sayyidah Aisha (Radiyallahu Anha) about the manners of Allah’s Messenger .She said, “He was never indecent of speech or of manners. He never spoke loudly in the markets. And, he never returned evil with evil, but he forgave and overlooked”►{Sunan Tirmidhi, Book of Piety and joining ties}

Hazrat Abu Hurayra said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked, “Messenger of Allah, invoke a curse for us against the idolaters.’ He replied, ‘I was not sent as a curser. I was sent as a mercy.'”►{Reported by Imam Bukhari in Al-Adab Al-Mufrad,Hadith #321}


The Order to be Mindful in Speech


Imam Malik related to me from Muhammad ibn ‘Amr ibn ‘Alqama(Radiyallahu Anhu) from his father from Bilal ibn al-Harith al-Muzani(Radiyallahu Anhu) that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A man says what is pleasing to Allah and he does not suspect that it will have the result that it does, and Allah will write for him His good pleasure for it until the day when he meets Him. And a man says what excites the wrath of Allah and he does not suspect that it will have the result that it does, and Allah will write His wrath for him for it until the day when he meets Him.”►{ Narrated by Imam Bukhari,Imam Muslim}

The Etiquettes of Listening

Our Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said that a momin(believer) does not raise his voice over another mumin but he listens until he finishes what he has to say. That is how he described the character of a believer. If anybody spoke in his gathering they would all listen until that person finished his words and then they would begin the speech of what they were talking about.

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) even taught us, how to deal with others who don’t share our own view point. At the beginning of his messengership, he used to sit with the eminent leaders of Quraysh who would insult his divine message and express their rejection in the ugliest ways possible, yet Prophet Muhammad would calmly listen to their argument and wait until they finish talking then he would politely ask them with a smile, “are you finished brother?” then he would say, “then please it is my turn, listen to me”.

The honourable Tabi‘i Imam ‘Ata Ibn Abi Rabah said, “A young man would tell me something that I may have heard before he was born. Nevertheless, I listen to him as if I had never heard it before.”

Khalid Ibn Safwan al-Tamimi, who frequented the courts of the two Khalifas; ‘Umar Ibn ‘Abd al-‘Aziz and Hisham Ibn ‘Abd al-Malik, said, “If a person tells you something you have heard before, or news that you already learnt, do not interrupt him to exhibit your knowledge to those present. This is rude and ill-mannered.”

The honourable Imam ‘Abdullah Ibn Wahab al-Qurashi al-Masri, a companion of Imam Malik, al-Layth Ibn Sa‘d and al-Thawri, said, “Sometimes a person would tell me a story that I have heard before his parents had wed. Yet I listened as if I have never heard it before.”

Ibrahim Ibn al-Junayd said, “A wise man said to his son, ‘Learn the art of listening as you learn the art of speaking.’” Listening well means maintaining eye contact, allowing the speaker to finish the speech and restraining your urge to interrupt his speech.

Al-Hafiz al-Khatib al-Baghdadi said in a poem:

Never interrupt a talk

Though you know it inside out

From amongst the forms of respect that students must have for teachers is that they should listen with complete attentiveness, even if the teacher is saying something which they already know from a quote, story, or poem. ʽAṭāʼ said, “I listen to a hadith from a man and I am more knowledgeable of it than him. However, I do not show him that I surpass him in anything.” Similarly, he should not precede the scholar in explaining a matter or answering a question posed by one of the students. It is said, “Learn silence the way you learn to speak. And be more vigilant about listening than speaking.

Thus, If a person starts telling you, whether you are alone or in the company of others, something that you already knew very well, you should pretend as if you do not know it. Do not rush to reveal your knowledge or to interfere with the speech. Instead, show your attention and concentration.

You must utter only words of goodness. Everything that it is forbidden to say is forbidden to listen to. When you speak do so clearly and methodically, listen to what

is being said to you, and interrupt no-one except when what is being said is abhorrent to God: backbiting for instance. Beware of speaking in a disorganized manner. If someone says something to you that you already know do not make him aware that you know it, for this results in your companion feeling estranged. If someone relates a story or anything else to you inaccurately do not say to him: ‘It is not as you say, it is like this and this.’ If it is concerned with religion make him aware of the correct version, but gently.

{Book of Assistance – Imam Al-Haddad , Page 53}

{Book – Islamic Manners, by Shaykh Abd al-Fattah Abu Ghuddah and

{Transcript on Description of Prophet(peace be upon him) – Shaykh Hamza Yusuf}

Business Etiquettes in Islam

TAKING TRADE as a means of earning livelihood is encouraged in Islam.

The Holy Prophet(peace be upon him) said: Take to trade, because there are nine portions in trade out of ten portions of provisions. ►(Reported in Ihya-ul-Uloom by Imam Ghazali).

Islam laid much stress on honesty in almost all dealings especially in trade and commerce. Ethical and moral codes in Islam are part of the overall Islamic faith and observing them will not only lead to a happy state of affairs in this world but also holds the promise of manifold returns in the Hereafter.Islamic ethical and moral codes thus create a sense of responsibility and accountability in the minds of the believers, be they buyers or sellers.

Prophet Muhammad(peace be upon him) himself traded in goods.The Companions of the Holy Prophet carried on maritime and land trade throughout the then known world and thus Arab merchants carried the torch of new light to the darkest corners of the world.The Holy Prophet himself carried on trade as an agent of the famous Arab Lady Hazrat Khadijah. The major Caliphs, Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique(Radiyallahu Anhu) was a cloth merchant, while Hazrat Umar Farooque(Radiyallahu Anhu), the Second Caliph carried on corn trade. Hazrat Usman Ghani(Radiyallahu Anhu) had a business in textiles. The fundamental codes of moral behaviour such as truthfulness, trustworthiness, generosity and leniency, adherence to business commitments and contracts, fair treatment of workers, avoidance of evil practices (such as fraud, cheating, deceit, hoarding of foodstuff, exploitations, giving short measures etc.) provide, to a large extent, the general background of Islamic business ethics.

In this article we look at the following aspects related to trade in Islam:

– Unlawfulness of storing up food stuff in expectation of high prices

– Weighing and giving extra(Showing Generosity towards buyer)

– Unlawfulness of hiding the defects in the product

– Commands to refrain from cheating in business transactions

– Being easy on people facing financial difficulties

– Glad tidings for a just trader


Unlawfulness of storing up food stuff in expectation of high prices


Islam has forbidden monopoly, which means storing up of food-grains for getting higher price in times of need and scarcity. Except foodgrains and necessities of life, other commodities may lawfully be stored up.

Hazrat Ma’mar reported that the Messenger of Allah(peace be upon him) said: Whoever monopolizes is a sinner. ►(Sahih Muslim)

Hazrat Anas(Radiyallahu Anhu) reported that the current price once became dear at the time of the Holy Prophet(peace be upon him).

They asked: O Messenger of Allah! Fix a rate for us.

The Holy Prophet(peace be upon him) said: Verily Allah is One Who controls price, curtails, gives amply and provides sustenance; and certainly I hope that I should meet my Lord while there will be none amongst you who will hold me responsible either for blood or for property. ►(Sunan Tirmidhi)

Hazrat Umar Bin Al-Khattab reported that the Holy Prophet(peace be upon him) said: “Whoever monopolizes over the Muslims their foodgrains, Allah will inflict them with epidemics and bankruptcy. “►(Sunan Ibn-e-Majah)


Unlawfulness of hiding the defects in the product


Hazrat Abu Hurayrah reported that the Holy Prophet(peace be upon him) passed by a heap of corns. He thrust his hand therein but his fingers touched moisture.

He asked: O Owner of corn! What is this?

He replied: Rain fell on it, O Messenger of Allah!

He enquired: Have you not done so over the corn so that people may see it? Whoso acts with deceit is not of me. ►(Sahih Muslim)

Hazrat Waselah Bin Asqa’ reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah(peace be upon him) saying: Whoso sells a defective thing without disclosing it continues to be in the wrath of Allah or angels continue to curse him. ►(Sunan Ibn-e-Majah)


Weighing and giving extra(Showing Generosity towards buyer)


Hazrat Jabir reported the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “May Allah show mercy to a man who is generous when he sells, when he buys and when he asks for settlement.” ►[Sahih al-Bukhari]

Hazrat Jabir reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, bought a camel from him for [two uqiyyas and a dirham or two dirhams] and he weighed it out for him and then gave extra.” ►[Agreed upon]

Abu Safwan Suwayd ibn Qays said, “Makhrama al-‘Abdi and I brought some clothes from Hajar and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,

came to us and bargained with us over some trousers.

I had a weigher who was paid to weigh.

The Prophet(peace be upon him) said to the weigher, ‘Weigh and give more.'” ►[Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]


Commands to refrain from cheating in business transactions


Hazrat Hakim Bin Hizam reported that the Messenger of Allah(peace be upon him) said:

The buyer and seller have got option so long as they do not part away.

If they speak the truth and disclose (defect), they are blessed in their sale transaction, and

if they conceal and speak falsely, the blessing of their sale is decreased. ►(Agreed)


Being easy on people facing financial difficulties


Abu Qatada said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say,

“Whoever wants Allah to save him from the calamity of the Day of Rising should give more time to someone in financial difficulties or absolve him.”

►[Sahih Muslim]

Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said,

“There was a man who used give people credit.

He used to say to his slave, “When you come to someone in difficulties, give him more time, perhaps Allah will excuse us.’

Then he met Allah and He did excuse him.”►[Agreed upon]


Glad tidings for a just trader


The Holy Prophet(Peace be upon him) classed an honest merchant with a Prophet on account of the merchant’s following the Shariat rules in trade, classed him with the truthful on account of his being steadfast to truth and classed him with martyr on account of his fighting with heavy odds in treading the path of virtue and honesty in his profession.

Hazrat Abu Sa’eed reported that the Messenger of Allah said: The truthful trustworthy merchant will be with the prophets, truthful and martyrs. ►(Sunan Tirmidhi)

—- Based on the book “The Way to be” by Syed Aley Rasool Nazmi

Etiquettes of Visiting the Sick




Duty of a Muslim is that when his Muslim brother is sick he should visit him. The Arabic word for inquiring on the health of the sick is ‘Ayaadat which means to return. It is our duty to visit our Muslim brethren in time of illness. This will enhance and nourish the bond of Islam and the brotherhood amongst us. As a committed Muslim, we should not undervalue its great reward from Allah.

Hazrat Abu Hurairah(Radiallahu Anhu) narrates that Prophet(peace be upon him) said, “…….On the Day of Judgement, Almighty Allah will say, ‘O son of Adam! I was sick and you did not visit Me.’

The slave will say, ‘O my Lord! You are the Lord of all the worlds, how could I visit You?’

Upon hearing this Allah Ta’ala will say, ‘Did you not know that my (such and such) slave was ill? But you did not go and visit him. Do you know that if you would have visited him you would definitely have found Me there?” ►(Sahih Muslim,Vol 2 , page #318)

Imam Muslim reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace Be upon him) said: “A Muslim visiting ill brethren will continue to be in the Khurfa of paradise until he, or she comes back home.”

He was asked, “What is the khurfa of Paradise?”

He answered, “This means the harvest of paradise.” ►{Sahih Muslim , Kitab Al-Birr was-Salat-I-wa’l-Adab}

Imam Ahmad and Ibn Hibban in his authentic book reported that the Messenger (peace Be upon him) said: ‘A visitor walking to visit a patient will be wading in the mercy of Allah. When the visitor sits with the patient they will be immersed in mercy until his, or her return.’




It is very appropriate to say few prayers for the sick asking Allah (SWT) to bless them with recovery and help them through their sickness.

Hazrat Ibn ‘Abbas Radiallaho Ta’ala ‘Anhuma reports that Prophet(Peace Be Upon him) said, “If a person visits a sick person and says

‘As-alul Laahal Adheema Rabbil ‘Arshil Adheemi Ay Yash-Fiyaka’

then he will certainly be cured – unless it is the appointed time for his death.” ► {Sunan Abu Dawood , Vol 2, Page 442}

‘Ikrima related from Ibn ‘Abbas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went to visit a bedouin. He said, “When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, visited a sick person, he would say, “No harm, it is purification if Allah wills.”… ► (Sahih Bukhari, Book of patients, Hadith #5332}

Masruq related that Hadrat ‘A’isha(Radiyallahu Anha) said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to recite the refuge prayer for some of them, wiping him with his right hand, saying ‘Remove the hardship, Lord of people, and heal, You are the Healer. There is no healing except Your healing, a healing which does not leave behind any illness.'”► {Sahih Bukhari, Book of patients, Hadith #5418}




Certain etiquette will make your visit to an ill person a refreshing and morale boosting one. Your duty is to ease his or her pains, and to make him or her more conscious of the rewards they will gain in return for their suffering and endurance. Make your visit brief. Sick persons may not withstand such long visits.

The length of the visit should not be longer than the time between the two speeches of Friday.

In this respect, it was said that the visit should be long enough to convey your greeting and wishes (Salam), to ask the sick how he or she is doing, to pray for recovery and to leave immediately after saying good-bye.

The best visit is every third day. Do not bother the patient with many questions Two or three words will get you all along.

At the end of his book of Malkite Fiqh, Al-Kafi, Imam Ibn ‘Abdul Al-Barr said: ‘Whether you visit a healthy or an ill person, you ought to sit where you are told.’

Hosts know better how to ensure privacy in their home. Visiting an ill person is a confirmed Sunnah. The best visit is the shortest.

The visitor sought not to sit too long with an ill person, unless they are close friends and the ill person enjoys their company.’

Book – Islamic Manners, by Shaykh Abd al-Fattah Abu Ghuddah

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