Tag Archives: Prophet of Mercy

The Concept of Peace and Its Importance

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The Concept of Peace and its Importance in Islam

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There are great many verses which demonstrate the fact that PEACE is considered to be among the greatest of the moral and ethical virtues by the religion of Islam.

  • The word Islam itself is derived from root word SALAM which is plural form of salama(safety and security). The following verse provides proof for lexical meaning of Islam.

Almighty Allah says in the Glorious Qur’an:

By this Allah guides those who seek His pleasure to the PATHS to PEACE[subul al-salam] (and security)….►{Surah Al-Maidah Chapter 5 : Verse 16}

According to Al-Zujjaj , SALAM comes from Salama which means supplication for a man to remain safe and secure from hardships and troubles.

Every word conjugated from Islam means peace ,  security and safety.

 

  • PEACE (Al-Salaam) is one of Almighty Allah’s names.

He says, “He is Allah, than Whom there is no other Allah, the Sovereign Lord, the Holy One, PEACE, the Keeper of Faith, the Guardian, the Majestic, the Compeller, the Superb.

Glorified be Allah from all that they ascribe as partner (unto Him).” ►{Surah Al-Hashr Chapter 59 :Verse 23 }

Due to it being one of God’s beautiful names this word reflects all shades of peace , beauty , betterment and goodness.

 

  • Almighty Allah gave the name HOUSE OF PEACE (i.e. Dar al-Salaam) to Paradise when He said :

Verse #1

And Allah calls towards the HOME OF PEACE (Paradise), and guides whom He wills to the straight path. ►{Surah Yunus Chapter 10: Verse 25}

Verse #2

”For them is the ABODE OF PEACE with their Lord. He will be their Protecting Friend because of what they used to do.” ►{Surah Al-’An’am Chapter 6: Verse 127}

Paradise will be a home exclusively permeated with calmness and tranquility, pleasure and protection, peace and security. No fear , grief and pain will touch any of its inhabitants.

 

 

 

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The Greetings of Peace

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  •  “PEACE” is a saying which the faithful employ upon gathering together as well as upon dispersing. Almighty Allah commands the faithful to incorporate the word “PEACE” into theformulaic greeting with which they address one another. He commanded that it be used symbolically in all of life’s arenas, whether in the mosque, at places of learning, in industrial settings,or in commercial ventures. “Peace” is distributed, as it were, by the faithful five times each day at the very least, when it is pronounced during the closing of the canonical prayers in the utterance, “PEACE be upon you, as well as God’s mercy and blessings” (Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rehmatullahi Barkatuhu ) two separate times.

 

  • It is the greeting with which the Angels address the believers, in Paradise.

And those who persisted in fear of Allah will (also) be conducted to Paradise in groups, until when they approach it (Paradise), its doors will have been opened for them (well before)

and the keepers of Paradise will say (greeting them): ‘PEACE be upon you! Be you glad and rejoicing, so enter it to live here forever.’ ►{Chapter 39 , Surah Az-Zumar: Verse 73}

 

  • Almighty Allah informs us that it is the greeting with which He meets his servants in Paradise.

‘PEACE(be upon you)!’ (This) greeting will be conveyed (to them) from the Ever-Merciful Lord.►{Surah Ya-Sin Chapter 36: Verse 58}

 

  • It is even the response with which the faithful are enjoined to reply when addressed by ignorant individuals.

And the (favourite) servants of the Most Kind (Lord) are those who walk gently on the earth and when the ignorant (i.e. impolite) people say to them something (unlikable) they (get aside) saying: PEACE’ ►{Surah Al-Furqan Chapter 25:Verse 63}

 

To be continued InshaAllah…….

 

–  Fatwa on Terrorism – Shaykh Ul Islam

– Methodology of Moral Discipline in the Prophetic Tradition – By Dr. Ali Gomaa—Grand Mufti Egypt.

Prophet Muhammad (صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم): The Gift of Mercy to the Worlds

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Prophet Muhammad (صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ):   The gift of mercy to the Worlds

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Almighty Allah says in the Glorious Qur’an: And, (O Esteemed Messenger,) We have not sent you but as a Mercy for all the worlds{Surah Al-Ambiya Chapter 21 : Verse 107}

Hadith

Hazrat Abu Hurayra(Radiyallahu Anhu) reported Allah’s Messenger(peace be upon him) said, “O People! I am only mercy gifted to you!”

{al-Darimi 1:21 Hadith #10 ;Ibn Abi Shayba in Al-Musannaf,6:325 Hadith #31782;Al-Hakim Al-Mustadrak 1:91 Hadith #100;Al-Tabarani in Al-Mu’jam Al-Awsat, 3:223 Hadith #2981;Al-Bayhaqi Sh’ab al-Iman 2:143 Hadith #1402;Al-Haythami in Majma al-Zawaid 8:257}

 

The Prophet(peace be upon him)  was specifically given a gentle disposition (layyin al-janib) towards humanity. He treated people with compassion and care even though they often treated him with cruelty, harshness, and disobedience. Even when his people rejected him, his mercy prevailed. Prophet (peace be upon him)  had both impeccable character in his outward behavior and true compassion in his inward disposition, as his heart was filled with mercy. Prophet Muhammad(peace be upon him)’s gentle disposition, concern and mercy encompassed every sector of creation. Part of his excellence is that Allah adorned him with two of His Names when He said,(Raufun Raheem) “and is Gentle, Merciful.”

 

Almighty Allah says in the Qur’an :  Surely a (Glorious) Messenger from amongst yourselves has come to you. Your suffering and distress (becomes) grievously heavy on him (blessings and peace be upon him). (O mankind,) he is ardently desirous of your (betterment and guidance. And) he is most (deeplyGENTLE and MERCIFUL to the believers.{Surah Al-Tauba, Chapter 9 : Verse 128 }

 

Prophet Muhammad(peace be upon him) treated relatives nicely, financially helped the poor and the needy, hosted guests, helped people in difficulties. Those laudable attributes of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) which were described by Hadrat Khadija Kubra (May Allah be well pleased with her) are: You maintain good relations with relatives, i.e. you fulfill the rights of the relatives.  You share the burden of the weak i.e. you take the burden of old, handicapped, weak non-Muslims on yourself.  You share your income with the needy and the poor.  You host guests and help those needy people who are on the path of truth.{Sahih Bukhari, Babu Badi’l Wahi, Hadith No. 03}

 
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His Rank as “Mercy to the Worlds” and his Compassion for all creation

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Hadith #1

Abd Allah bin Masud(Radiyallahu anhu) said,”It is as if I am looking at the Prophet(peace be upon him) now, speaking about a Prophet from Prophets of old; one struck by his people,causing him to bleed,and yet he said said as he wiped blood from his face, ‘O Allah! Forgive my people ,for they know not!”

{Sahih Bukhari,Kitab Al-Ambiya,3:1282 Hadith #3290;Sahih Muslim Kitab Al-Jihad wa Al-Siyar,3:1417 Hadith #1792;Ahmad bin Hambal in Al-Musnad 1:453 Hadith #4331;Ibn Majah in al-Sunan Kitab Al-Fitan,2:1335 Hadith #4025;Abu Yala in Al-Musnad 9:131 Hadith #5205}

 

 

Hadith #2

Hazrat Abu Hurayra(Radiyallahu Anhu) said,”It was submitted,“O Messenger of Allah! Invoke a curse against the pagans”,

but he replied,“I was not sent as a curser; I was only sent as a mercy.”–          [Reported by Muslim and al-Bukhari in al-Adab[al-Mufrad]

 

In another narration he(peace be upon him) said,” I was only sent as mercy and I was not sent as punishment.”-    [Reported by Abu Nu’aym,al-Bayhaqi and Ibn Asakir]

{Sahih Muslim Kitab al-Birr wa sila wa al-Adab,4:2006,Hadith #2599;Al-Adab al-Mufrad by Imam Bukhari Hadith #321;Abu Yala in al-Musnad 11:35 Hadith #6174;Abu Nuaym in Dalail al-Nubuwwa 1:40 Hadith #2;Al- Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-Iman 2:144 Hadith #1403;Ibn Asakir Tarikh Al-Dimashq,4:92;Ibn Kathir Tafseer al-Quran Al-Azim 3:202}

 

Hadith #3

According to Abu Umama(Radiyallahu Anhu), Allah’s Messenger(peace be upon him) said, “Indeed Allah sent me as mercy to the worlds and a guidance for the worlds.”

{Ahmad b. Hanbal in Al-Musnad,5:268 Hadith #22361; al-Tabarani in al-Mu’jam al-Kabir,8:196 HAdith #7803;al-Mundhiri in al-Targhib wa al-Tarhib 3:181 HAdith #3583;al-Haythami in Majma al-Zawaid 5:69;al-Suyuti in al-Durr al-Manthur 5:688;Ibn Rajab in Jami al-Ulum wa al-Hikam 1:415}

 

Hadith #4

Abu Musa al-Ash’ari(Radiyallahu Anhu) said,” Allah’s Messenger(peace be upon him) would mention to us his various names.

He would say,” I am Muhammad, Ahmad, al-Muqaffi[The Last], al-Hadhir[The Gatherer], the Prophet of Repentance and the Prophet of Mercy.”

{Sahih Muslim Kitab al-Fadail,4:1828 Hadith #2355;Ahmad b. Hanbal in al-Musnad 4:395 Hadith #404;Ibn Abi Shayba in al-Musannaf 6:311 Hadith #31692;al-Hakim in al-Mustadrak 2:659 Hadith #4185;al-Tabarani in Mu’jam al-Awsat 4:327 Hadith #4338;Ibn Ja’d in al-Musnad 1:479 Hadith#3322}

 

Hadith #5

According to Malik b. al-Huwayrith(Radiyallahu Anhu),“Allah’s Messenger(peace be upon him) was most merciful and tender-hearted.”

{Sahih Muslim, Kitab al-Masajid wa mawadi al-salah,1:465 Hadith #674;al-Daraqutni in al-Sunan 1:272 , Hadith #1;al-Tabarani in al-Mu’jam al-Kabir 19:288 Hadith #637;al-Bayhaqi in al-Sunan al-Kubra 1:385 Hadith # 1678 and 3:120 Hadith #5076}

 

Reference Book : Muhammad(ﷺ) : The Merciful by Shaykh ul Islam

Views of Mainstream scholars on Terrorsim

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Islam doesnot promote terrorism

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Islam does not permit at all the massacre of innocent citizens, and explosions, and suicide bombing in business centers, streets and markets, and mosques, national installations, and other public places. The terrorists and their groups are perpetrating obvious deviation and digression from the Islamic teachings, and, are spreading rebellion and militancy, and massacre and carnage, and disruption, dissension and strife on earth.

A torturous wave of terrorism has been defaming  the Muslim Umma, in general, for last many years. This is doubtlessly evident that, while the Muslims as a collective entity condemn, resist and fight terrorism, and are not ready to accept even its remotest possible link with Islam there are some people who are also seen supporting it on quiet. Instead of opposing and condemning it openly and downrightly, they confuse it, making it a hotchpotch.

Among the national, regional and international factors responsible for terrorism the conspiracies of anti-Islamic forces, their severe violations of the Muslims’ rights, the double standards maintained by the influential powers in the international disputes and injustice and oppression done to the subjugated and the oppressed communities are basic.

Similarly, the armed strife and disruption by the terrorists, the carnage and slaughtering of people, the suicide bombing against the innocent and peaceful communities, and explosions in the mosques, shrines, educational institutions, business streets, government institutions and buildings, trade centers, the defense training centers, embassies,transports, and places of the civil society have become a daily routine. These people mix up the brutal killing of the hundreds and thousands of people and the activities of butchery and slaughter of humanity with Jihad , and make, in this way, topsy-turvy the entire Islamic concept of Jihad . This is causing great ambiguity, doubt and perversion to the youths, in particular, and the simple and clean-hearted Muslims, in general.

We take a look at what mainstream Ulema have to say about terrorism and concept of Jihad.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3GOXmiGCNsU

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Teachings about showing Mercy to Orphans

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Importance of Showing mercy to Orphans

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Islam urges for the virtues and the nobilities of morality. One of the noble moralities is: the charity to ORPHANS.

Almighty Allah says, “Have you seen him who denies the deen? He is the one who harshly rebuffs the ORPHAN and does not urge the feeding of the poor.”

►(Surah Al-Ma’un Chapter 107:Verse 1-3)

 

The verses of Surah Al-Ma’un cover the vices of boastfulness and pride, miserliness and hypocrisy, but before all of these harmful vices, Almighty Allah

in this chapter mentions the active repulsion of the orphan. To be an orphan is to be without the warmth, shelter and security that a parent’s care provides

naturally. That this should stir our compassionate instincts is understandable, as is Allah’s stern reprimand to the one who would repulse them, especially since their condition in this life mirrors all of ours’ on the Day of Judgment.

 

Almighty Allah , in His infinite wisdom, made Prophet(peace be upon him) an orphan. The Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him,

was orphaned three times over, of his father, mother and then grandfather.What is striking in the life of the Prophet(peace be upon him) is that in society’s

eyes, he had nothing, and yet Allah used him as an instrument to evoke the greatest changes in society the world has ever seen.

n  Some other verses from the Qur’an about showing mercy towards Orphans

Verse #1

“So as for the ORPHANS, do not oppress them, and as for beggars, do not berate them,” ►(Surah Ad-Duha Chapter 93:Verse 9-10)

 

Verse #2

“Worship Allah and do not associate anything with Him. Be good to your parents and relatives and to ORPHANS and the very poor, and to neighbours

who are related to you and neighbours who are not related to you, and to companions and travellers and your slaves.” ►(Surah An-Nisa Chapter 4:Verse 36)

 

Verse #3

And they give (their own) food, in deep love of Allah, to the needythe ORPHAN and prisoner (out of sacrifice, despite their own desire and need for it),

(And say:) ‘We are feeding you only to please Allah. We do not seek any recompense from you nor (wish for) any thanks.►{Surah Al- Insan Chapter 76: Verse 8-9}

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Ahadith about caring for Orphans

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Entering Paradise is a great reward won by the believers; then how about accompanying the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, in it?

This is a degree that can be reached by those who are charitable to orphans.

 

Hadith #1

According to Hazrat Abu hurayra(Radiyallahu Anhu) ,”Allah’s messenger(peace be upon him)  said,’I and the caretaker of an orphan,whether a relative or not, are in paradise like these  two,and Malik (the narrator) pointed with his index and middle finger.” ►{Sahih Muslim, Kitab Al- Zuhd wa Al-Raqaiaq,Hadith #2983;Ahmad b. Hambal in Al-Musnad 2:375 ,Hadith #8868; Al Mundhiri in Al-Targhib wa Al-Tarhib,Hadith #3832}

 

Hadith #2

According to ibn’abbas(Radiyallahu Anhu), the Prophet(peace be upon him) said,”Whoever has an orphan among the muslims partake of his food or drink, Allah will cause him to enter paradise- unless he commits an unpardonable sin.”►{Imam-Tirmidhi in al-Sunan ,Kitab Al-Birr wa al-sila,Hadith #1917; Ahmad b. Hambal in Al-Musnad, 4:344 Hadith #I9047;Abu Yala in Al-Musnad Hadith #926; Imam Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-Iman Hadith #7886}

 

Hadith #3

According to Hazrat Abu Hurayra(Radiyallahu Anhu) ,the Prophet(peace be upon him) said,”the best house among the muslims is the house in which resides 

an orphan who is treated well.And the worst house among the muslims is the house in which resides an orphan who is treated badly.” ►{Imam Bukhari in Al-Adab Al-Mufrad, Hadith #138;Ibn-e-Majah,Kitab Al-Adab,Hadith #3679;Al-Tabrani in Mu’jam al-Awsat,Hadith #4785;Al-Mundhiri in al-Targhib wa Al-Tarhib,Hadith #3840}

 

Hadith #4

According to Hazrat Abu Hurayra(Radiyallahu Anhu), “a man complained about his hard heart to Allah’s Messenger and so the

Prophet(peace be upon him) told him,’ if you wish for your heart to become soft, feed the poor and rub the head of (i.e. care for ) the orphan.”

►{Imam Ahmad b. Hambal in Al-Musnad,Hadith #7566;Imam Bayhaqi in Al-Sunan Al-Kubra,Hadith #6886and Shu’ab Al-Iman Hadith

 #11034;Al-Haythami in Majma al-Zawahid 8:160;Abd Ibn Humayd in al-Musnad Hadith #1426}

 

Hadith #5

According to Abu Umama (Radiyallahu Anhu) , Allah’s Messenger(peace be upon him) said,”Whoever rubs an orphan’s head, and only does so for the sake of

 Allah,then for each strand of hair he rubs he will gain good deeds.And whoever deals kindly with an orphan boy under his care, he and I will be in Paradise 

like these two,” and he separated a bit between his index and middle finger.►{Imam Ahmad b. Hambal in Al-Musnad,Hadith #22207;Al-Tabrani in Al-Mu’jam

 al-Kabir ,Hadith #7821;Ibn Abi Al-Dunya in Al-Iyal, Hadith #609;Al-Mundhiri in al-Targhib wa Al-Tarhib Hadith #3843}

n  Reference Book – Muhammad(Sallalahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) – The Merciful —- By Shaykh Ul Islam

http://seekersguidance.org/blog/2012/03/the-orphan-shaykh-abdal-hakim-murad-cambridge-khutbahs-etc/

Unlawfulness of Killing ants in Islam

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Rights of Ants in Islam
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Islam instructs its followers to be kind to animals and show love for all living things. Islam came at a time where animals were treated very poorly and as if they had no feelings. Islam was a pioneer for animal rights. Islam instructs its followers to be kind to animals and show love for all living things.

This article the rights ants have in Islam are being discussed.
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Incident of Hazrat Sulaiman{Solomon}(Alaih Salam) and the Ant
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Qur’an mentions incident of Prophet Sulaiman(Alaih Salaam)and his soldiers who were passing through a valley inhabited by ants. Prophet Sulaiman heard one ant say to another:
‘O ants, enter your dwellings, lest Sulaiman (Solomon) and his troops crush you while they remain just unaware.’

Prophet Sulaiman(Alaih Salaam) was able to understand the ants’ language by the grant of Almighty Allah. He smiled and ordered his soldiers to stay still and wait until all the ants had crawled away to safety.

Verses of the Qur’an :
Until when these (troops) reached an open field of ants, one ant said: ‘O ants, enter your dwellings, lest Sulaiman (Solomon) and his troops crush you while they remain just unaware.’
So he (Sulaiman [Solomon]) smiled, feeling amused at the ant’s words, and submitted: ‘O Lord, keep me by Your bestowal firm on it that I remain ever-thankful for Your favour which You have conferred on me and on my parents, and I do such pious deeds as You are pleased with, and admit me by Your mercy among your pious slaves enjoying exceptional nearness to You.’►{Surah Naml, Chapter 27,Verse 18-19}

Prophet Sulaiman(Alaih Salaam) was given the ability to command the winds, to command beasts, and even jinn ,but still had the humility to listen to an ant, and wait patiently as the ants passed in front of his troops.


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Unlawfulness of Killing ants in the Hadith
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Hadith #1
Hazrat Abu Huraira(Radiyallahu Anhu) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying:
An ant had bitten a Prophet (one amongst the earlier Prophets) and he ordered that the colony of the ants should be burnt.
And Allah revealed to him:” Because of an ant’s bite you have burnt a community from amongst the communities which sings My glory.”
►{Sahih Muslim,Kitab Us Salam,Chapter on PROHIBITION-OF KILLING THE ANTS,Hadith #5731,Sunan Abu Dawud,Kitab Al Adab,Hadith #1725}

Hadith #2
Ibn Mas’ud(Radiyallahu Anhu) said, “We were with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on a journey…..He saw an ant hill which we had set alight.
He said, ‘Who has set fire to this?’
We replied, ‘We did.’
He said, ‘Only the Lord of the Fire(Allah) should punish with fire.'”
►[Sunan Abu Dawud,Kitab Al-Jihad]

Hadith #3
Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas(Radiyallahu Anhu):
The Prophet (peace be upon him) prohibited to kill four creatures: ANTS, honey bees, hoopoes, and sparrows.
►{Sunan Abu Dawud,Kitab Al Adab,Hadith #1726}

Jihad – A Misunderstood Concept from Islam

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Jihad – A Misunderstood Concept from Islam

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The critics of Islam, insist that Islam and Muslims are openly hostile and intolerant towards communities other than their own. They refer to the Qur’anic verses that exhort the believers to fight the infidels, they point to the battles of early Islam and the eventual confrontation between the Crusaders and the Saracens or Moors, and now, the contemporary stereotype of the Arab “terrorist”. Islam is still imagined as threatening, fanatical, violent and alien by significant sections of the world’s media.

 

In formulating an answer to all of this, it is crucial to focus on a general definition of Islam, so as not to fall into any misunderstanding about Jihad and its place within the Din.The context and circumstance of Qur’anic revelation and Hadith are crucial in coming to terms with Jihad. It is an error to judge Islam and Muslims in the light of the kind of “Jihad” that has fallen victim to ideological tendencies. The critic also has to be wary of the interpretation of “Jihad” which is projected,and sometimes imposed, by the selective “religious reformism” so rampant today. They ignore central aspects of Islam’s intellectual heritage, selectively repress important figures and disregard Islam’s impeccable history of adherence to the standards of law and justice in affairs of state.

 

This being said, let us now consider the nature of Jihad more fully as it appears in the history and law of Islam. Jihad in Arabic means “to strive for some objective”.

Thus, the common assumption, that Jihad is combat, is incorrect. In fact Jihad, in its technical meaning, has several branches, among which are the combative forms of Jihad.

 

Ibn Rushd, in his Muqaddimaat, divides Jihad into four kinds:

“Jihad by the heart;

Jihad by the tongue;

Jihad by the hand and

Jihad by the sword.”

 

He defines “Jihad by the tongue” as “to commend good conduct and forbid the wrong, like the type of Jihad Allah (swt) ordered us to fulfill against the hypocrites in His Words,

“O Prophet! Strive hard against the unbelievers and the hypocrites” [9:73].

So the Prophet (peace be upon him) strove against the unbelievers by sword and against the hypocrites by tongue.”

 

Said Ramadan Buti, a contemporary Orthodox scholar from Syria states, in his seminal work on the subject Jihad in Islam “… even before he conducted Jihad by sword against the unbelievers, there is no doubt the Prophet (peace be upon him) invited these unbelievers peacefully, lodged protests against their beliefs and strove to remove their misgivings about Islam. When they refused any other solution, but rather declared a war against him and his message and initiated the fight, there was no alternative except to fight back.”

 

We now look at different form of Jihad(struggle) prescribed by Islam

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Striving against Evil desires of Lower Self(Nafs Al-Ammarah) is Jihad

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Allah Most High said:

{And whosoever STRIVES (JAAHADA), STRIVES (YUJAAHIDU) only for himself} (Chapter 29:Verse 6).

{As for those who STRIVE (JAHADU) in Us (the cause of Allah), We surely guide them to Our paths, and lo! Allah is with the good doers.}  (Chapter 29:Verse 69)

This is a Meccan Sura and the two verses refer to Jihad al-Nafs. There was no military jihad then.

 

Allah Most High said:

{WA NAFSIN WA MAA SAWAAHA, FA-ALHAMAHA FUJURAHA WA TAQWAHA. QAD AFLAHA MAN ZAKAAHA WA QAD KHAABA MAN DAS- SAAHA}

“By the nafs and the proportion and order given to it, and its inspiration as to its wrong and its right; Truly he succeeds who purifies it, and he fails that corrupts it”

 (Chapter 91:Verse 7-10). This is also a Meccan Sura.

 

Without purification, the nafs remains a “soul that enjoins evil” (al-nafs al-ammara bil-su’) until it surrenders itself in total obedience to the call of animal passions and shaytan.

 

Allah Most High said:

{Have you seen the one who chooses for his god his own lust?} (Chapter 25:Verse 43).

 

“{He followed his own lust. Therefore his likeness is as the likeness of a dog; if you attack him he pants with his tongue out and if you leave him he pants with his tongue out}” (Chapter 7:Verse 176).

 

These are both also Meccan Suras.

About the person who controlled the passion of his ego Allah says: {But as for him who feared to stand before his Lord and restrained his soul from lust, Lo! The garden will be his home}

 (Chapter 79:Verse 40-41). This is also a Meccan Sura.

 

The above are among the many Meccan verses and Suras enjoining jihad al-nafs.Such a command is not been given for military jihad, as there was no permission – much less an order – for such a jihad until the Madinan period.

 

Further, the Prophet said  upon him peace:

 “The mujahid is he who makes jihad against his nafs (ego) for the sake of obeying Allah.”

►{Ibn Hibban (#1624, 2519): Authentic;- Shu`ayb al-Arna’ut (Commentary on Ibn Hibban): authentic;- al-Hakim: sahih;- `Iraqi confirms him;- it is also in Tirmidhi,

Ahmad, and Tabarani;}

 

The Prophet(peace be upon him) also said : “The strong one is not the one who overcomes people, the strong one is he who overcomes his nafs [ego].”

 ►{Al-Haythami declared it authentic in Majma` al-Zawa’id.}

 

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Man who is working to earn livelihood for family is in Jihad

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Meaning of a hadith :

Once  a man passed in front of the Prophet(peace be upon him).Sahaba(Radiyallahu Anhum) saw that he was making great efforts and showing intrest to earn  his livelihood.

They told the Prophet(peace be upon him), “O Rasulallah, If his efforts and intrest were for the religion, it would have been better”.

Prophet(peace be upon him) said , “If he is putting this struggle to bring up his small children,his efforts shall be counted in the Path of Allah , and if he is putting efforts to serve his old parents then his efforts shall be counted in the path of Allah, and if he is putting efforts for himself with the intention that he doesn’t have to ask from others then his efforts shall be counted in the path of Allah,but if his efforts are with the intention of showing superiority to others by earning more money and showing off then all his efforts shall be counted in the path of Satan.” {Reported in At-Tabrani}

 

Imam Gazali(RA) mentions in his book Kimiya’e Saadat quoting a pious person that ,

” A honest businessman is a Mujahid,because Satan tries to tempt him to be dishonest in his trade but he struggles against him.”

 

jihad

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Speaking truth in front of an oppressive ruler is Jihad

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A  man asked: “What kind of jihad is better?”

The Prophet(peace be upon him) replied  upon him peace: “A word of truth spoken in front of an oppressive ruler.” (Sunan Al-Nasa’I,Hadith #4209)

 

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Jihad of inviting people to good

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One form of Jihad, usually overlooked in today’s pursuit of newsworthy headlines, is the Jihad of presenting the message of Islam-da`wah. Thirteen years of the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) 23-year mission consisted purely of this type of Jihad. Contrary to popular belief, the word Jihad and related forms of its root word jahada are mentioned in many Makkan verses in a non-combative context.

 

God states in the Qur’an, “Invite (all) to the Way of thy Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious: for thy Lord knoweth best, who have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance.”  [Chapter 16:Verse 125]

Calling people to Islam and making them acquainted with it in all its aspects through dialogue and kind persuasion is the first type of Jihad in Islam, in contrast to the imagined belief that Jihad  is only of the combative form. This is referred to in the Qur’an where Allah (swt) says,

 “so obey not the disbelievers, but strive against them (by preaching) with the utmost endeavor with it (the Qur’an)”  [Chapter 25:Verse 52].

 

Here the word “strive” i.e.jaahidu, is used to mean struggle by means of the tongue—preaching and exhortation—and to persevere despite the obstinate resistance of some

unbelievers to the beliefs and ideals of Islam.Imam Nawawi in his book al-Minhaj, when defining Jihad and its different categories, said, “one of the collective duties of the

 community as a whole (fard kifaya) is to lodge a valid protest, to solve problems of religion, to have knowledge of Divine Law, to command what is right and forbid

wrong conduct”.

 

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Propogating knowledge is also Jihad

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The explanation of Jihad in Imam al-Dardir’s book Aqarab al-Masalik is that it is propagating the knowledge of the Divine Law commending right and forbidding wrong. He emphasized that it is not permitted to skip this category of Jihad and implement the combative form, saying, “the first [Islamic] duty is to call people to enter the fold of Islam, even if they had been preached to by the Prophet (s) beforehand.” Similarly, Imam Bahouti commences the chapter on Jihad in his book Kashf al-Kinaa by showing the injunctions of collective religious duties (kifaya) that the Muslim Nation must achieve before embarking on combative Jihad, including preaching and education about the religion of Islam, dismissing all the uncertainties about this religion and making available all the skills and qualifications which people might need in their religious, secular, physical and financial interests because these constitute the regulations of both this life and the life to come. Hence, da`wah—performing the activities of propagating Islam and its related fields of knowledge—is the cornerstone of the ‘building’ of Jihad and its rules; and any attempt to build without this ‘stone’ would damage the meaning and reality of Jihad.

 

Removing all misconceptions and stereotypes in clarifying the image of Islam held by non-Muslims, building a trusting relationship and working with them in ways that accord with their way of thinking, are all primary forms of Jihad. Similarly, establishing a strong community and nation which can fulfill all physical needs of its people, thereby creating for them conditions in which the message will be heard, rather than being lost in the strife and struggle of everyday life, are requirements and form a basic building block of the Jihadic concept. These foundations fulfill the Qur’anic injunction, “Let there arise out of you a band of people inviting to all that is good, enjoining what is right, and forbidding what is wrong: and these it is that shall be successful.”  ►[3:104]

 

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Perfect Hajj(Pilgrimage)  is Jihad

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Hazrat A’isha, Allah be well-pleased with her, asked: ‘Messenger of Allah, we see jihad as the best of deeds, so shouldn’t we join it?’

He replied, ‘But the best jihad is a perfect Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah).'” (Sahih Al-Bukhari #2784)

 

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Serving parents is also Jihad

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On another occasion, a man asked: “Should I join the jihad?”

The Prophet asked  upon him peace, “Do you have parents?”

The man said, “Yes.”

The Prophet(Peace be upon him) said: “Then do jihad by serving them!” (Sahih Al-Bukhari #5972)

 

Based on articles  from  Shaykh GF Haddad and sunnah.org

http://www.abc.se/home/m9783/ir/f/Jiihad_al-Nafs_Spir.Strivg.html

http://www.sunnah.org/fiqh/jihad_judicial_ruling.htm

There is no Racism in Islam

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The Problem of racism

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The crime rate is rising in almost all Western societies, but the most disturbing fact is the alarming increase in racism. While science always tries to prove the inequality of man (recent survey showing the American Black to be genetically less intelligent than whites) it is only religion that preaches the equality of man. Between 1991 and 1997, it was estimated that total immigration into Europe was around 520,000, and there were racially motivated attacks all over, especially in Britain, France and Germany.

For in racialized nations like the United States, Europe, South Africa or the Caribbean, appearance or physical attributes, such as hair, skin and bone structure, have been more consequential, more starkly invested with social signficance, than anything else such as family, wealth culture education or personal achievement. It goes without saying that this investing of bodily marks with so high a degree of significance is sociogenic in origin and not phylogenic. To think otherwise would be to place racism beyond the possibility of eradication. It is a historical accident, not a necessity  of nature, that produces racist perceptions, actions and discourse. Some historians say that the concept of race did not enter European consciousness until the fifteen century. But certainly, by the midpoint of the nineteenth century Benjamin Disraeli could declare that “all is race.” That is, the basic human condition—and thus economic, political, scientific and cultural positions—are taken to be determined by race. So by the twentieth century, Cromer and Balfour, the most highly-esteemed of British colonial administrators, took it as a matter of course that Europeans and the English in particular, were the master race. All others were “subject races.”

This attititude led to alienation of people belonging to other races.

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Racism is against the consciousness of Islam

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Islam came with a universal concept of brotherhood. Islam rejects all artificial and man-made marks of distinction. No one can claim any superiority over the other based on race, colour, language or wealth.Below statements from Last Sermon of Prophet Muhammad(Peace be upon him) show the high regard of humanity irrespective of colour or race.All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over a black nor a black has any superiority over a white – except by piety and good action.

Wherever Islam put down roots, Muslims grew to believe that discriminatory exclusion based on race was fundamentally alien to the spirit of their faith. This is understandable, given that there is almost a logical connection between affirming the oneness of God and upholding the equality of human beings before Him. We read, for example, in Islam’s sacred book, the Qur’an: “O Humankind! We have created you from male and female and have made you into peoples (shu‘ub) and tribes (qaba’il) that you may know one another; truly, the noblest (akram) among you before God are the most pious (atqa) among yourselves; indeed, is God the All-knowing, the All-seeing.” ►(Chapter 49:Verse 13)

This verse was revealed immediately after the triumphant entry of the Prophet (on him be God’s blessing and peace) into Mecca. After a declaration of immunity from reprisal offered to the tribes of Mecca that had fought against him, the Prophet requested Hazrat Bilal(Radiyallahu Anhu) the Abyssinian to call the people to prayer.

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Congregational prayer promotes equality

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Islam has also instituted certain rituals that promote the sense of equality among the followers of Islam.One important way of promoting brotherhood among the Muslims is the salat in jama`at (congregational prayer).Although the daily prayers can be said individually as well as in congregation; however, to say the daily prayers in congregation has been highly recommended because it promotes the feeling of brotherhood and equality in Islam. All muqtadee (people who are praying) stand in lines regardless of any difference of race, tribe, colour, language or wealth. It often happens that a poor person will be standing in the front row while a wealthy person will be standing in the second row. And this means that in the position of sajdah (prostration), the head of the wealthy person will be at the feet of the poor person! This will make the wealthy person realize that in Almighty Allah’s view, rich and poor are all equal in servanthood.

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Command to follow a Black leader if he is capable

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If someone is a person of distinction, then, it is not because of race or genealogy. After all, a bad man may be wealthy and have prominent forebears and a good one may be poor and quite obscure in origin. Yet for all that he can be a human being of outstanding moral character. Commenting on 39:13 Fakhr ad-DÏn ar-Razi (d.1210) in his at-Tafsir al-Kabir (Cairo, 1933, XXVIII, 136) says: “People are equal insofar as they are irreligious and impious.” What makes them different is the content of their moral character.

 

.Sayyidah Urnm Husayn Ahmasiyah reported that she heard Prophet (peace be upon him) say:“0 you people! Fear Allah, and even if a Black with a split ear is made your ameer, listento him and obey him provided he governs according to Allah’s Book.”►{Sunan Tirmidhi}

 

References:

http://www.abc.se/~m9783/o/wcm_e.html

http://www.masud.co.uk/ISLAM/misc/race.htm

Unlawfulness of hurting birds in Islam

MANY Muslims appear to have a callous attitude where dealing with animals is concerned giving the impression that maybe their religion has no consideration for animals. However, when we examine the Quran and hadith, we are pleasantly surprised to find that the opposite is true. Islam indeed places much importance on animals and on providing for them in a caring manner.  Here is a hadith about unlawfulness of hurting birds which shows the Mercy of the Prophet(Peace be upon him) to the creation of Almighty Allah.

 

‘Abdullah reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stopped in a place and then someone took a bird’s eggs and  the bird began to beat its wings around the head of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

 He asked, “Which of you has taken its eggs?”

A man said, “Messenger of Allah, I have taken its eggs.”

The Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him said“RETURN THEM OUT OF MERCY TO THE BIRD”

{Reported by Imam Bukhari in Al -Adab Al-Mufrad,Hadith # 382}

 Hazrat ‘Umar(Radiyallahu Anhu) was heard to say, “Anyone who does not show mercy will not be

shown mercy. Anyone who does not forgive will not be forgiven. Anyone who does not turn in repentance will not be turned to nor will he be protected or guarded.”

{Reported by Imam Bukhari in Al -Adab Al-Mufrad,Hadith # 372}

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The Excellence of Feeding people

In Islam, feeding people carries great virtues as can be seen from Qur’an and Hadith. Ahadith mention that feeding people is among the best aspects of Islam.

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The Excellence of Feeding people from Qur’an

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— Qur’an mentions feeding people as a quality of those who love Almighty Allah :

Verse #1

And they give (their own) food, in deep love of Allah, to the needy, the orphan and prisoner (out of sacrifice, despite their own desire and need for it),

(And say:) ‘We are feeding you only to please Allah. We do not seek any recompense from you nor (wish for) any thanks.►{Surah Al- Insan Chapter 76: Verse 8-9}

 

 

— Not feeding the poor is a bad quality as can be seen from the following verses:

Verse #1

But (so is) man that when his Lord tests him (by providing him pleasure and comfort) and honours him and gives him bounties, he says: ‘My Lord has honoured me.’

But when He tries him (by afflicting pain and discomfort) and limits his means of sustenance, he says: ‘My Lord has humiliated me.’

No indeed! But (the truth is that after you gain honour and good fortune) you do not give honour and care to orphans.

Nor do you inspire one another (in society) to promote feeding the destitute (the poor and the needy).

You lay hand on the inherited wealth and devour it (yourselves and do not pay the poverty-stricken their due).

►{Chapter 89 Surah Al-Fajr : Verse 15-19}

 

Verse #2

(They) will be in Gardens and will be asking one another,About the evildoers.

(And they will say:) ‘What has brought you into Hell?’

They will say‘We were not of those who used to offer Prayers.

Nor did we feed the poor.

And we indulged in vain activities with those who had cast themselves into vain activities.

And we rejected the Day of Reward and Punishment,

Until that (death) came upon us which was certain to come.’

So (now) intercession of the intercessors will not be of any benefit to them.

►{Surah Al-Muddaththir Chapter 74: 40-48}

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The Excellence of Feeding people from Hadith

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Hadith#1

Hazrat Abu Hurayra(Radiyallahu Anhu) reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,said,

“Allah says: ‘I asked you for food and you did not feed Me. “

He (His slave) will say, ‘Lord,how could I feed You when You did not ask me for food and You are the Lord of the universe?’

He will say, ‘Do you not know that My slave so-and-so asked you for food and you did not feed him? Do you not know that if you had fed him,

you would have found that action with Me?……►{Reported by Imam Bukhari in Al-Adab Al-Mufrad, Hadith #517}

 

Hadith #2

‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Worship the All-Merciful and feed people.

Make the greeting common practice among you and you will enter the Garden.” ►{Reported by Imam Bukhari in Al-Adab Al-Mufrad, Hadith #981}

 

Hadith #3

‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr(Radiyallahu Anhu) said, “A man asked the Prophet(Peace be upon him), ‘Which aspect of Islam is best?‘

He said, ‘FEEDING PEOPLE and greeting those you know and those you do not know.'”►{Sahih Bukhari,Kitab Al-Iman,Hadith #12}

 

Hadith #4

In a hadeeth reported by Abu Moosa Ash’ari (Radiyallahu anhu), The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said ,FEED THE HUNGRY, visit the sick and free the captives”

►{ Narrated by Imam Bukhari }

 

Hadith#5

Ibn ‘Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said,

“He who eats to satisfaction while his neighbour is hungry is not a mumin.” ►{Narrated by Al-Hakim }

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